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Boxes, covers, doors (ch. 2)

 
 

Window boxes for wooden buildings. Such boxes name packs. They more massivny in comparison with earlier considered. The boxes turned in a premise, have expansion, or skos, and pass more light in a premise.

On the back parties lateral and bottom bruskov choose grooves with which them put on crests in walls or piers. In top bruske a groove do not do. Collect such boxes not completely, and separate bruskami in certain sequence. Bruski in corners krepjat on thorns without pasting (fig. 54).

the Window box for wooden buildings: and - a pillow; - lateral vertical brusok; in - box details; g - the top knot in gathering; d - a side view collected korbki; 1 - a groove; 2 - a quarter; 3 - a slope; 4 - a thorn; 5 - an eye

54. A window box for wooden buildings :
And - a pillow; - lateral vertical brusok; in - box details; g - the top knot in gathering; d - a side view collected korbki; 1 - a groove; 2 - a quarter; 3 - a slope; 4 - a thorn; 5 - an eye

In window and doorways the ends of logs act roughly. Usually, after statement sruba on a place and roof devices start the device of window apertures, cutting wood and cutting down its axe that is very labour-consuming. Much easier the following operating procedure. The tow laid in grooves, strongly disturbs to wood cutting. Parts of walls and piers in which there are window apertures, at first collect without a tow, define width of a window aperture and length of crests but so that between bruskami boxes and cheeks of logs about crests there was a backlash in width 10-12мм. Further this backlash okonopachivajut.

Having defined distance between crests, their length, above drive in a nail, krepjat to it a plumb, lowering it to a bottom of a window aperture, namelivajut a cord and beat off the first to risk on which cut the ends of roughly acting logs. From the first risks on distance 50-70мм beat off the second risks defining length of crests so that after putting on bruskov boxes on them between bruskami and cheeks on logs in the end of crests there was a backlash in width 10-12мм from two parties. It only concerns to lateral and bottom bruskam, put on crests.

Then these logs assort and again collect on a tow, but before packing on them from two parties on the left second risks do prosaws of such depth to leave a crest of the necessary thickness.

After that it is recommended to arrange a roof completely, and then to start the further registration of window apertures.

The Thickness of a wall divide on two equal parts and find an axis (in drawing it is shown by a dotted line). From this axis measure from two parties distance for crests and beat off risks on which then chop off wood, receiving strictly vertical crests (fig. 55). From crests cut off small facets that were easier put on them bruski boxes.

Furnish window and doorways: and - a general view of apertures in a wall; - installation of window and door boxes; in - the device of crests on end faces of apertures; 1 - a doorway; 2 - ononnye apertures; 3 - a door box; 4 - a window box; 5 - konopatka; 6 - the central axis; 7 - the axes defining toshchinu of crests; 8 - risks for propilivanija the wood defining length of crests; 9 - a crest

55. Furnish window and doorways :
And - a general view of apertures in a wall; - installation of window and door boxes; in - the device of crests on end faces of apertures; 1 - a doorway; 2 - ononnye apertures; 3 - a door box; 4 - a window box; 5 - konopatka; 6 - the central axis; 7 - the axes defining toshchinu of crests; 8 - risks for propilivanija the wood defining length of crests; 9 - a crest

The Bottom log of a window aperture should be strictly horizontal. It do smooth or with a crest, checking level. Between a log and a box leave a backlash on okonopachivanie. If the bottom log smooth a groove in a window sill do not choose, and from a log remove from two parties of a facet or choose quarters depth to 20мм, height to 10-12мм for okonopachivanija.

Bruski of a box produce whole or compound. For reception whole bruskov take a thick log, cut on parts (pieces) of the necessary length, mark, spend risks on which split or saw with the subsequent teskoj or planing. Then mark, spend risks and carry out grooves, quarters, thorns and eyes. In cleanliness bruski receive in the thickness 80-100мм and such width that they supported a wall plane indoors for a thickness of wet or dry plaster: in the first case - on 20-25мм, in the second - for a thickness of plaster or plywood. From lateral aspect this ledge should be equal to a thickness bruskov and obshivochnyh boards.

Lateral and top bruski sostragivajut on a cone from zaglushiny. The corner skashivanija can be any.

Below podokonnoj boards-pillows, on distance 15-22мм from a face sheet suit a beak, that is a fillet or a groove with depth no more 5-7мм.

Truly arranged lateral bruski boxes at assemblage are established in relation to a window sill at right angle. Then it is not necessary bruski podklinivat that takes away a lot of time. Happens that wedges collapse also a box warps.

Thus, bruski boxes are necessary for planing precisely on one sizes and to check a square. Then mark grooves, choose them on the necessary depth and vystragivajut a groove bottom that it was equal and without everyone podklinivanija between bruskami and podokonnoj the corner in 90°.

was a board after their installation

Bruski of a box, or a pack, in a window aperture establish so. In the bottom end vertical bruskov arrange a thorn with the thickness approximately equal to half of a thickness bruska. In podokonnoj to a board cut out an eye that the thorn has densely entered into it. Half of thickness vertical bruska should block podokonnuju a board-pillow (in drawing it is shown by a dotted line). To provide necessary accuracy, it is better to arrange at first thorns, then to put a pillow back, to establish vertical bruski on crests, densely to press them and on thorns to outline risks on a pillow. Then all to remove and execute on an eye pillow.

After that it is recommended to put one layer of roofing felt under a pillow, having cut out it accordingly, to wrap up roofing felt a crest, to put on a pillow, it is good it pripressovav (having pressed down). Then put vertical bruski a thorn in grooves. It is desirable to put these bruski not dry, and on gustotertuju an oil paint or liquid putty with which smear on a pillow in an adjunction place bruskov. It protects places of a joint from the water flowing down from glasses of covers and accelerating rotting of logs under window apertures.

The Height of a window aperture should be more heights of a box in gathering for the thickness top bruska. Such backlash is necessary for statement vertical bruskov and for packing on them top bruska which the thorns gets to eyes vertical bruskov and besides densely presses them to crests. Further into this backlash drive in two wedges, fill with its tow or another teploizoljatsionnym a material and condense. After full deposits okonopachennyh house walls clean this material, insert brusok and all okonopachivajut.

Correctly executed bruski and crests establish precisely at right angle to each other. A tow at okonopachivanii a bottom of a window aperture stack under roofing felt, instead of from above.

Except the considered variant of the device of boxes there are more simple, but often demanding podklinivanija. For example, the pillow can be put so. In the beginning establish vertical bruski, put a pillow, spend risks on vertical bruskam, cut off from them wood, forming as though quarter, and then push there a pillow from the interior of a premise. It is possible only provided that the bottom log smooth, without a crest.

Conveniently and quickly to produce packs from separate components. For this purpose take a wide thick 50-millimetric board, plane on the one hand and arrange zaglushiny and a slope. On the other hand krepjat on nails bruski or boards in the thickness 50мм, forming a groove which happens exact enough and it it is not necessary to plane, if all is produced from exactly sawn round boards. If sawing up inexact it correct strozhkoj. Bruski it is possible to fasten with each other dry, but it is better on glue or an oil paint with the subsequent fastening by nails.

In practice in most cases at first do and establish boxes, and on them produce covers, but happens and on the contrary.