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the Device of floors (ch. 2)


We Will consider nastilku floors from boards of different preparation.

Floors from the milled boards . these boards have a groove and a crest. Except boards, produce also bruski. Width of boards - 68-138мм, a thickness - 28 and 36мм. Bruski have width 35-55мм, a thickness - 28мм. In the bottom of each board or bruska choose deepening (or prospirit) thickness (or height) 2мм. Thanks to it boards and bruski densely lay down on beams or logs and provide reliable ventilation of the double warmed floors. In boards and bruskah from outside a groove to an obverse surface do small skos, providing a dense adjunction of edges of boards or bruskov to each other.

At nastilke a floor the first board stack to a wall a groove, but not closely, and with a space 10-15мм. For exact ostavlenija such backlash is better to use the calibrated linings-plates of the specified thickness. Them put not less than two, that is on each end of a board. The first board krepjat to a log the nails which length should be in 2-2,5 times of more thickness of boards. For boards in the thickness 28мм apply nails in length 60-70см, and to boards in the thickness 36мм - length 80-90мм. Nails hammer on one into everyone to a log. However many 90мм and above hammer into boards in width on two nails. Hats of nails utaplivajut in wood dobojnikom on depth 2-3мм. It do that at removal of proscales not zatupljalsja the tool. At this way on a floor face sheet remain small lunki over hats of nails. At floor colouring lunki it is necessary zashpaklevyvat.

To the first board put the second, also a groove to a wall. To a crest strike a hammer not strong blows that this board was more densely spread on a crest of the first board. As a hammer it is impossible to compress densely two boards arrive so. On distance to 200мм a crest of the second board put on with a groove a lining in length 500 700мм, width 80-100мм. From this lining on distance 100-150мм in a log drive in skobu, and between it and a lining - one or two wedges (fig. 38.

Splachivanie of boards: and - idle time skoboj; - skoboj Smoljakova: 1 - sexual boards; 2 - klunja; 3 - simple skoba; 4 - a log; 5 - skoba Smoljakova

38. Splachivanie boards :
And - idle time skoboj; - skoboj Smoljakova: 1 - sexual boards; 2 - klunja; 3 - simple skoba; 4 - a log; 5 - skoba Smoljakova

On a board put two-three linings, boards densely compress skobami, and then nail up. Sometimes skoby split to a log. That it was not, it is better to apply skobu Smoljakova with three ends (fig. 38, 6).

Thus lay all boards, only a few last boards it is necessary to compress in another way. skobu it is impossible to hammer Into the remained small space, therefore 2-4 boards at first stack freely. Last from them, adjoining a wall, should be such width that between it and a wall there was a backlash in 10-15мм. Such board or select for width, or stesyvajut a part of wood from wider board. For example, at a wall it is necessary to stack four boards. Three put, having put on crests, the fourth - between a wall and the laid boards. Preliminary put to a wall a lining from plywood, a thin board, a wood-fiber plate, than protect plaster from damage. Then stack the fourth board and rebuff its hammer or an axe that it has sat down into place and has compressed to some extent boards. It is not necessary to strike blows to the board, on a board as a lining it is necessary to put a piece bruska or boards (fig. 39. When the boards laid thus are not compressed densely, between a lining at a wall and a board insert wedges, hammer in them, densely rallying boards and fixing them with logs nails (fig. 39, 6).

Packing of a closing board of a wearing floor: and - with plywood and wooden linings; - with a plywood lining and a wedge; 1 - plywood; 2 - a lining; 3 - a sexual board; 4 - a wall; 5 - a wedge

39. Packing of a closing board of a wearing floor :
And - with plywood and wooden linings; - with a plywood lining and a wedge; 1 - plywood; 2 - a lining; 3 - a sexual board; 4 - a wall; 5 - a wedge

The Backlash between correct nastlannymi boards makes no more 1мм. If at compression backlashes are more the than specified size a board take out and correct all discrepancies. Then establish into place.

At nastilke floors from the milled boards in the parquet way on a surface of boards does not remain hats of nails. Nastilku conduct so. On distance 10-15мм from a wall stack the first board a groove to a wall. This distance is provided with the calibrated lining in the thickness 10-15мм. Having laid correctly a board at a wall, it nail up on such distance from an edge that hats have been closed by a plinth. After that in an internal corner of a crest, in everyone to a log at an angle in 45° hammer in a nail, utaplivaja a hat into thickness of wood.

To the first board put the second, putting on a groove a crest and pressing to the first board it is dense skobami and wedges. It is necessary to hammer in nails at first into extreme logs, then - in remained. Backlashes - no more 1мм. All roughnesses after nastilki a floor eliminate ostrozhkoj of which do not prevent nails. Nastilku conduct in the same sequence, as at nastilke floors from the milled boards.

Here there can be a question: and why nails drive in into the top party of a crest, instead of in a groove? The answer idle time. At these boards the thickness of a cheek of a groove - 7 or 10мм, and at bruskov - 10,5мм that, undoubtedly, is not enough. At koroblenii boards this cheek can be broken off. From the bottom party of boards to top of a crest the thickness is equal 14 or 20мм, that is in 2 times thicker than a groove cheek and consequently the hammered nail holds more strongly and more reliably. Last boards to a wall in this case should be drawn in a wedge. This way recommends to lay only quality boards.