Drawing, its contours, first of all translate on a tracing-paper a soft pencil, a ball pen, a feather. Ink and paste is desirable for applying black colour.
Drawing translate so (fig. 98). First of all, well smooth, stack on an equal table, a board, plywood, a cardboard and fix buttons. From above stack a tracing-paper, straighten it as fix, and then translate drawing.
To Increase drawing is better by means of a grid. For this purpose drawing from the book, an album transfer on a tracing-paper which then divide into squares and number. After that on a sheet of paper put the same quantity of squares which also number. The sizes of squares depend on in how many time it is necessary to increase or reduce drawing. Then contours of drawing from each square of the original, that is at sight tracing-papers, transfer on standard sheet squares, accuracy of drawing depends On accuracy resocks of lines from a tracing-paper.
Having received drawing on a sheet of paper, it use for work or transfer on a tracing-paper which use as working drawing.
98. Increase or drawing reduction on sections
Transfer of drawing into preparation .
Preparation well plane, stack on it a tracing-paper, having smoothed and having strengthened in several places buttons. Under a tracing-paper enclose a transfer paper and then definitively fix buttons. A pencil or chertilkoj (the wood of firm breeds ground as a pencil) lead round a drawing contour, translating it on preparation (fig. 99). Then a tracing-paper and a transfer paper remove, and the translated drawing if necessary correct.
99. A template for drawing transfer :
1 - bridges (black ryrezajut)
If it is necessary to execute some identical preparations it is better to make a template of a cardboard, dense paper, plywood, thin board or to use good preparation, necessarily having smoothed out its edges on which will spend further a pencil.
At the device of a template from plywood, a cardboard and other materials between separate parts of drawing it is necessary to provide so-called bridges. Template edges on which the pencil moves, should be smooth, therefore they are recommended to be smoothed out a grinding skin.
Exercises on performance of a various carving . before to start performance of carved details, it is recommended to learn to cut out their small size from boards of deciduous breeds of trees, for example lindens.
On such preparations by a chisel or a knife-kosjachkom it is possible to carry out any drawings or details, but is better a geometrical carving: three- and tetrahedral profound lines, nogtevidnye porezki, leaves, berries, flowers, etc. Preparation for training take in the length 200, in the width 70 and thickness of 20 mm.
we Will consider technics of work as a knife-kosjachkom, or a cutting torch (fig. 100). Plane it from different directions, a carving, execute basically a knife-kosjachkom. Take it not only for a shank, but also for an edge, grasping below a shank a hand so that the edge acted from the compressed palm on 30-40 mm, and the heel has been thus turned to the carver. That part of an edge which take a hand, it is possible to wrap up izoljatsionnoj a tape or a fabric.
100. Technics of work as a knife-kosjachkom :
And - a knife-kosjachka grasp; - knife movement forward a sock; in - movement of a knife by a heel forward; g - movement of a knife by a sock forward in the end podrezki lines
Kosjachok take a hand so that it was in relation to preparation strictly vertically, and conduct on itself. A cutting torch sock press into thickness of preparation on the necessary depth, and a heel raise on 1-2 mm. If kosjachok goes tjazhelovato a heel raise more.
If the cut not through, but its end reaches or the sock rests against the spent perpendicular line in the end of a cut a heel immerse in wood on the same depth, as well as, and lead up kosjachok up to the end or reject from itself, and a cut finish a sock.