On sale there is a various wooden tool, but joiners prefer to use the tool made the hands. To tool manufacturing apply absolutely a seasoned wood of firm breeds - birches, a maple, a beech, an apple-tree, an oak, etc. the Tool executed from crude wood, drying up, it is jarred on. The tool cover with drying oil, oil or spirit varnishes, and sometimes polish that protects it from moisture absorption and koroblenija. The tool is recommended to be stored in a dry premise. If on it water the tool is necessary for wiping at once a dry rag casually gets and to dry.
the Square, jarunok, malka. Consist from kolodki and rulers which ostragivajut it is very exact. After performance of an eye of a ruler of a square and jarunka grease with glue, insert into eyes, carefully verify on a square, transport and leave for prosyhanija for days. At desire kolodku it is possible to fasten to a ruler thin nails, at jarunka should be two corners: one - under 45° another - under 135°. Corners check a protractor.
Accuracy of a square check so. Take a board with one stroganoj plastju and otfugovannoj an edge. To an edge put kolodku a square, press it and on a ruler sharp shilom or ostrozatochennym a firm pencil draw a line-risk. Then a square overturn on other party and in the same place on a ruler draw the second line. Lines will coincide, if the square is made correctly, otherwise - will disperse.
Clamps, a surface gauge, razmetochnaja a comb . Clamps (fig. 23,) - wooden and metal - apply to compression of details at pasting, fastening of adaptations and for other purposes. Metal clamps are stronger than the wooden. They consist of a box collected from kolodki both two bruskov, and the screw located in one of bruskov. Wooden clamps strengthen from two parties steel squares or special preparation. In wooden clamps use steel screws which are screwed in a nut strengthened from the interior of a box in one of bruskov. The sizes of clamps the different.
23. The wooden tool :
And - clamps: 1 - brusok; 2 - kolodka; 3 - the screw; 4 - a nut; - a surface gauge: 1 - brusochki; 2 - kolodka; 3 - klinok; 4 - a hairpin; 5 - a cut kolodki; 6 - kolodka; in - the machine tool for luchkovoj saws: 1 - preparation; 2 - racks (the front view and sideways); 3 - an insert of a shaft of a saw in the handle; 4 - seredinki; 5 - zakrutki; 6 - distance measurement between struts; g - compound kolodka a plane: 1 - the right half; 2 - the left half; 3 - a ready half kolodki; 4 - collected kolodka from halves; 5 - smoothed out kolodka; 6 - klinki; 7 small horn; 8 - an emphasis; 9 - kolodka in gathering; d - toporishcha; e - the handle for a hammer with improved nasodkoj; - handles for chisels and chisels
the Surface gauge (fig. 23, apply to drawing risok to in parallel processed edge of a detail. It consists from kolodochki, two brusochkov (rulers) square or round section and klinka which fix brusochki in kolodochke. On brusochkah there are the hairpins which edges are turned outside. A surface gauge it is possible to spend only two risks, but its mobile bruskami - on any distance from edge of a marked detail. That the surface gauge drew precisely, it is necessary to press densely it kolodku to a detail edge. The surface gauge should be conducted on itself.
Produce a surface gauge in the following sequence. At first do kolodochku, then drill in it apertures in diameter 10 12мм and hollow out two square apertures into which insert brusochki section 10х10 or 13x13мм. Bruski in the necessary position fix klinkom for which in kolodochke chisel through a through aperture. In brusochkah krepjat the hairpins which ends sharpen the round or triangular form, but it is better chechevi-tseobraznoj which edge does not tear and does not scratch wood, and easily jumps through slanting fibres meeting on a way and cuts thin and accurate to risk.
As the Hairpin the nail can serve, and the thin screw which strongly keeps in brusochke as it is not driven in is better, and is screwed. Instead of whole kolodochki it is possible to produce compound that facilitates work. Except one cross-section klinka, fixing at once two brusochka and not always strongly keeping them, do a surface gauge not with square, and with rectangular apertures in which everyone brusochek fix strongly longitudinal klinkom.
Razmetochnaja the comb (skoba) allows to spend at once the necessary quantity risok. For this purpose do wooden brusok with cut and precisely drive in into it hairpins, according to planned risks.